Mary, Conceived Without Sin


Roman Catholics who utilize the devotion of the Medal of Our Lady of Grace, otherwise known as the Miraculous Medal devotion, will often pray “O Mary, conceived without sin, pray for us who have recourse to thee“. This is based on private revelations from the Virgin Mary to St. Catherine Labouré in the early to mid 19th century.

Those Christians who have been trained or indoctrinated in the schools coming out from the Protestant Reformation almost instinctively look at this as idolatry, superstition, and heretical. Besides this being a dubious revelation to reinforce the errors of Rome, this prayer “O Mary, conceived without sin” is surely an aberrant idea in direct contradiction with the Gospel and Holy Scripture. Continue reading

Pope Francis on the Death Penalty: Intrinsically Evil?

I have long wanted to make a long post on the subject of Pope Francis’s revision on CCC 2267, since getting into all the details would require a paper of great length. However, some people brought this question up enough for me to put a very short and brief answer to this question of whether the new revised paragraph is effectively teaching that the death penalty is intrinsically evil.

In short, no. Continue reading

Tome of Pope St. Leo – Critically Examined by the Council of Chalcedon? Part 2: Response to Ubi Petrus



Council of Chalcedon (source)

A new blog article, belonging to an anonymous author who goes by the pesudo-name UBIPETRUS2019 (Ubi Petrus), has rebutted arguments I made in an article I wrote back in September of 2017 concerning the famous letter of Pope St. Leo to St. Flavian of Constantinople, otherwise known as his Tome, and its reception by the Council of Chalcedon (451). Here below is my response to this critique. Citations from Ubi Petrus in blue.
Continue reading