St. Bede the Venerable on Purgatory

Time to share a quote that might cause a stir. I think it is OK since St. Bede the Venerable (673-735) is venerated by the Greek East and Latin West, and is honorable among Anglican/Lutheran theologians. On the intermediate state, he writes:

“But in truth there are some who were preordained to the lot of the elect on account of their good works, but on account of some evils by which they were polluted, went out from the body after death to be severely chastised, and were seized by the flames of the fire of purgatory [๐‘“๐‘™๐‘Ž๐‘š๐‘š๐‘–๐‘  ๐‘–๐‘”๐‘›๐‘–๐‘  ๐‘๐‘ข๐‘Ÿ๐‘”๐‘Ž๐‘ก๐‘œ๐‘Ÿ๐‘–๐‘–]. They are either made clean from the stains of their vices in their long ordeal (๐‘’๐‘ฅ๐‘Ž๐‘š๐‘–๐‘›๐‘Ž๐‘ก๐‘–๐‘œ๐‘›๐‘’) up until judgement Day, or, on the other hand, if they are absolved from their penalties by the petitions, almsgiving, fasting, weeping, and oblation of the saving sacrificial offering by their faithful friends, they may come earlier to the rest of the blessed.”

Latin: ๐ด๐‘ก ๐‘ฃ๐‘’๐‘Ÿ๐‘œ ๐‘›๐‘œ๐‘› ๐‘›๐‘ข๐‘™๐‘™๐‘– ๐‘๐‘Ÿ๐‘œ๐‘๐‘ก๐‘’๐‘Ÿ ๐‘๐‘œ๐‘›๐‘Ž ๐‘ž๐‘ข๐‘–๐‘‘๐‘’๐‘š ๐‘œ๐‘๐‘’๐‘Ÿ๐‘Ž ๐‘Ž๐‘‘ ๐‘’๐‘™๐‘’๐‘๐‘ก๐‘œ๐‘Ÿ๐‘ข๐‘š ๐‘ ๐‘œ๐‘Ÿ๐‘ก๐‘’๐‘š ๐‘๐‘Ÿ๐‘Ž๐‘’๐‘œ๐‘Ÿ๐‘‘๐‘–๐‘›๐‘Ž๐‘ก๐‘– ๐‘ ๐‘’๐‘‘ ๐‘๐‘Ÿ๐‘œ๐‘๐‘ก๐‘’๐‘Ÿ ๐‘š๐‘Ž๐‘™๐‘Ž ๐‘Ž๐‘™๐‘–๐‘ž๐‘ข๐‘Ž ๐‘ž๐‘ข๐‘–๐‘๐‘ข๐‘  ๐‘๐‘œ๐‘™๐‘™๐‘ข๐‘ก๐‘– ๐‘‘๐‘’ ๐‘๐‘œ๐‘Ÿ๐‘๐‘œ๐‘Ÿ๐‘’ ๐‘’๐‘ฅ๐‘–๐‘’๐‘Ÿ๐‘ข๐‘›๐‘ก ๐‘๐‘œ๐‘ ๐‘ก ๐‘š๐‘œ๐‘Ÿ๐‘ก๐‘’๐‘š ๐‘ ๐‘’๐‘ฃ๐‘’๐‘Ÿ๐‘’ ๐‘๐‘Ž๐‘ ๐‘ก๐‘–๐‘”๐‘Ž๐‘›๐‘‘๐‘– ๐‘’๐‘ฅ๐‘๐‘–๐‘๐‘–๐‘ข๐‘›๐‘ก๐‘ข๐‘Ÿ ๐‘“๐‘™๐‘Ž๐‘š๐‘š๐‘–๐‘  ๐‘–๐‘”๐‘›๐‘–๐‘  ๐‘๐‘ข๐‘Ÿ๐‘”๐‘Ž๐‘ก๐‘œ๐‘Ÿ๐‘–๐‘– ๐‘’๐‘ก ๐‘ฃ๐‘’๐‘™ ๐‘ข๐‘ ๐‘ž๐‘ข๐‘’ ๐‘Ž๐‘‘ ๐‘‘๐‘–๐‘’๐‘š ๐‘–๐‘ข๐‘‘๐‘–๐‘๐‘–๐‘– ๐‘™๐‘œ๐‘›๐‘”๐‘Ž โ„Ž๐‘ข๐‘–๐‘ข๐‘  ๐‘’๐‘ฅ๐‘Ž๐‘š๐‘–๐‘›๐‘Ž๐‘ก๐‘–๐‘œ๐‘›๐‘’ ๐‘Ž ๐‘ฃ๐‘–๐‘ก๐‘–๐‘œ๐‘Ÿ๐‘ข๐‘š ๐‘ ๐‘œ๐‘Ÿ๐‘‘๐‘’ ๐‘š๐‘ข๐‘›๐‘‘๐‘Ž๐‘›๐‘ก๐‘ข๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ฃ๐‘’๐‘™ ๐‘๐‘’๐‘Ÿ๐‘ก๐‘’ ๐‘๐‘Ÿ๐‘–๐‘ข๐‘  ๐‘Ž๐‘š๐‘–๐‘๐‘œ๐‘Ÿ๐‘ข๐‘š ๐‘“๐‘–๐‘‘๐‘’๐‘™๐‘–๐‘ข๐‘š ๐‘๐‘Ÿ๐‘’๐‘๐‘–๐‘๐‘ข๐‘  ๐‘’๐‘™๐‘’๐‘š๐‘œ๐‘ ๐‘–๐‘›๐‘–๐‘  ๐‘–๐‘’๐‘–๐‘ข๐‘›๐‘–๐‘–๐‘  ๐‘“๐‘™๐‘’๐‘ก๐‘–๐‘๐‘ข๐‘  ๐‘’๐‘ก โ„Ž๐‘œ๐‘ ๐‘ก๐‘–๐‘Ž๐‘’ ๐‘ ๐‘Ž๐‘™๐‘ข๐‘ก๐‘Ž๐‘Ÿ๐‘–๐‘  ๐‘œ๐‘๐‘™๐‘Ž๐‘ก๐‘–๐‘œ๐‘›๐‘–๐‘๐‘ข๐‘  ๐‘Ž๐‘๐‘ ๐‘œ๐‘™๐‘ข๐‘ก๐‘– ๐‘Ž ๐‘๐‘œ๐‘’๐‘›๐‘–๐‘  ๐‘’๐‘ก ๐‘–๐‘๐‘ ๐‘– ๐‘Ž๐‘‘ ๐‘๐‘’๐‘Ž๐‘ก๐‘œ๐‘Ÿ๐‘ข๐‘š ๐‘๐‘’๐‘Ÿ๐‘ฃ๐‘’๐‘›๐‘–๐‘ข๐‘›๐‘ก ๐‘Ÿ๐‘’๐‘ž๐‘ข๐‘–๐‘’๐‘š

[๐‘ฏ๐’๐’Ž๐’Š๐’๐’š ๐’๐’ ๐‘จ๐’…๐’—๐’†๐’๐’•; Eng. Trans. Martin and Hurst, Bede: Homilies on the Gospels, ed. by David Hurst, ๐‘ฉ๐’†๐’…๐’†: ๐‘ฏ๐’๐’Ž๐’Š๐’๐’Š๐’†๐’” ๐’๐’ ๐’•๐’‰๐’† ๐‘ฎ๐’๐’”๐’‘๐’†๐’๐’”, ๐’†๐’…. ๐’ƒ๐’š ๐‘ซ๐’‚๐’—๐’Š๐’… ๐‘ฏ๐’–๐’“๐’”๐’•, ๐‘ฉ๐’†๐’…๐’‚๐’† ๐‘ฝ๐’†๐’๐’†๐’“๐’‚๐’ƒ๐’Š๐’๐’Š๐’” ๐‘ฏ๐’๐’Ž๐’Š๐’๐’Š๐’‚๐’“๐’–๐’Ž ๐‘ฌ๐’—๐’‚๐’๐’ˆ๐’†๐’๐’Š๐’Š ๐‘ณ๐’Š๐’ƒ๐’“๐’Š ๐‘ฐ๐‘ฐ, ๐’Š๐’ ๐‘ฉ๐’†๐’…๐’‚๐’† ๐‘ฝ๐’†๐’๐’†๐’“๐’‚๐’ƒ๐’Š๐’๐’Š๐’” ๐’๐’‘๐’†๐’“๐’‚, ๐’‘๐’‚๐’“๐’” ๐’Š๐’Š๐’Š: ๐‘ถ๐’‘๐’†๐’“๐’‚ ๐’‰๐’๐’Ž๐’Š๐’๐’†๐’•๐’Š๐’„๐’‚, CCSL 122 (1955). Trans. Lawrence T. Martin & David Hurst, ๐‘ฉ๐’†๐’…๐’† ๐’•๐’‰๐’† ๐‘ฝ๐’†๐’๐’†๐’“๐’‚๐’ƒ๐’๐’†: ๐‘ฏ๐’๐’Ž๐’Š๐’๐’Š๐’†๐’” ๐’๐’ ๐’•๐’‰๐’† ๐‘ฎ๐’๐’”๐’‘๐’†๐’๐’” ๐‘ฉ๐’๐’๐’Œ ๐‘ถ๐’๐’†, ๐‘จ๐’…๐’—๐’†๐’๐’• ๐’•๐’ ๐‘ณ๐’†๐’๐’•. Vol. 110, Cistercian Studies. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1991), 17; citation taken from Isabel Moreira, ๐‘ท๐’–๐’“๐’ˆ๐’‚๐’•๐’๐’“๐’š ๐’Š๐’ ๐‘ณ๐’‚๐’•๐’† ๐‘จ๐’๐’•๐’Š๐’’๐’–๐’Š๐’•๐’š (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010), 159.]

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